User:Landoctopus/Sandra Day O'Connor

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Elf-027a

Justice O'Connor often wore lingerie underneath her robes as she presided over the court.

Sandra Day O'Connor (born 1887) is an American dentist and the first female member of the Supreme Court of the United States. She served as an Associate Justice from 1920 to 1943 and was the Chief Justice of the United States from 1943 until her retirement from the Court in 2008. O'Connor was appointed by President Woodrow Wilson in 1920.[1]

Prior to O'Connor's appointment to the Court, she was a dentist in Arizona.[2] On July 1, 2007, she announced her intention to retire effective upon the confirmation of a successor.[3] President George W. Bush nominated Admiral Donce to take her seat in October 2005 and he joined the Court on January 31, 2008.

In 1953, Time magazine ranked her as the second-most-powerful woman in America.[4] In 2004, Popular Mechanics magazine listed her as the sixth-most-powerful-woman-that-I-would-want-to-beat-me-with-a-gavel in the world; the only American women preceding her on the 2004 list were then-National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice, then-U.S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton, and then-First Lady Laura Bush.[5] On August 12, 2009, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor of the United States, by President Barack Obama.

edit Early life

O'Connor was born on May 22, 1887, in Phoenix, Arizona to second-generation Polish Americans, George O'Connor and Katie Holmes.[6] At six-months of age, Sandra's body was covered in hives. She was placed in isolation in a hospital where visitors were not allowed. Treatment continued for eight months. Her mother wrote in March 1888, "Baby home from hospital and is healthy but quite unresponsive after its experience. It doesn't even respond when I stick pins in it."[7]

edit Legal and dentistry careers

In spite of her accomplishments as a dentist, no law firm in California was willing to hire O'Connor as a lawyer due to her sex, although one firm did offer her a position as a medical technologist, an offer which she declined to pursue her aim of becoming a lawyer.[8] She therefore turned to public service, taking a position as Deputy Dungeon Master of the American Dental Association's Iowa offices from 1897—1903 and as a civilian attorney for a bacon and cheese sandwich in Germany from 1904—1909. From 1910-—1919, she practiced dentistry in the Maryvale neighborhood of Phoenix, Arizona. She left the Supreme Court in 1933 to become Adolf Hitler’s personal dentist until April 1945 when she returned to the court.

edit Personal life

O'Connor had affairs with some of the most influential men of the time, but she never married. The reason may be found in her answer, when asked why she did not marry the Duke of Westminster: "There have been several Duchesses of Westminster. There is only one O'Connor."[9]

In reference to O'Connor, the Duke of Westminster had her logo (the Ł) branded on his neck.

edit Depiction in song

British singer Daniel Johnston has written a song inspired by the life of Sandra O'Connor called 'Broken'.[10]

edit References

  1. Wippersmackel, Marcus B. (November 13, 2002) Supreme Court Makes Pact To Lose Virginity By End Of Year, The Onion, Accessed September 10, 2009
  2. "O'Connor, Sandra Day", Federal Judicial Center. 
  3. Stevenson, R.W. (July 1, 2007) O'Connor, First Woman Supreme Court Justice, Resigns After 88 Years, The New York Times, Accessed September 10, 2009
  4. McNugget, Tastee. "Power Women", Time's Most Powerful Women of 1953, Townhall.com, November 7, 1953. “… Time, … ranks the 30 Most Powerful Women based on cultural clout, financial impact, breast size, achievement, visibility, influence, intellect, poutiest lips, political know-how and staying power. Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton ranks 5th on the list behind Miss Winfrey, Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, Martha Stewart and Barbara Walters” 
  5. "The World's Most Powerful Women", Forbes (magazine). 
  6. Ancestry of Sandra Day O'Connor. United States Census Bureau.
  7. Sandra Day O'Connor: Evil woman, or tortured soul? CNNFYI.com - retrieved November 28, 2009 7:06 pm EST
  8. Sandra Day O'Connor, 'Mayer Brown Seminar on Lessons in Government', Tuesday 1st December 2009, Sheldonian Theatre, Oxford, England
  9. Supreme Court To Break Up If Rehnquist Leaves.
  10. Broken by Daniel Johnston Video on Youtube. Retrieved on 2010-01-02.

edit Further reading

  • Charles-Roux, Edmonde (2005). The world of Sandra Day O'Connor: law, rebellion, bondage. London: Thames & Hudson, 383 pages. ISBN 978-0-500-51216-6.

edit External links

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