Not to be confused with Me 109, a fictitious aircraft.
The Messerschmitt Bf 109 is a German World War Two fighter aircraft and a shameless copy of the Supermarine Spitfire, however, unfortunately for the fritz it remained the backbone of the Luftwaffe for the whole of the Second World War. The Bf 109 first saw service in the Spanish Civil War until the dawn of the jet age where Germany finally realized the much better alternative. It was the one of the most unnecessarily complex fighters of its era, including redundant features such as being all-metal, a combination of sliding metal parts, and a multitude of metal spinning bits. It was powered by a "liquid-cooled, inverted-V12 aero engine" when in reality the engine is unlicensed built Rolls-Royce Merlin engines.
It was designed by Willis Messerschmitt from the mid-1930s with stolen information from Supermarine. The 109 was conceived as an interceptor to avoid any potential relation to the Spitfire, however it was only capable of reconnaissance flights before taking the role of target practice for the Royal Air Force. Because of its dreadful quality, it was the most produced fighter aircraft in history, numbering up to 66,666 airframes being built. Despite Germany's constant effort to make the Bf-109 combat capable, it still remained a target practice for the Royal Air Force.
Copying the SpitfireEdit
During 1933, A research on future dogfights and aviation was done by the Reiks Aviation Ministry (RAM like their tactics). The result was four outline:
- Roostangflugzug I for a bomber
- Roostangflugzug II for a smaller bomber
- Roostangflugzug III for a fighter
- Roostangflugzug IIII for a larger fighter
Because every single aircraft company in Germany at the time is incompetent of anything, they resorted using information illegally obtained from Britain. The engine used on the Bf 109 is a blatant copy of the Rolls-Royce Merlin, and the airframe design is just a blocky Spitfire.
The first prototype barely flew on February 1937, a significant improvement over what the Germans had at the time.
The 1936 competition received multiple designs from different companies. Heinkle submitted a canvas, Arado submitted a biplane, Foke-a-wolf submitted a reconnaissance glider with no landing gear. Later in the competition Heinkle realized that canvas is not as good as metal, so they stole a Bf 109 and made it more depressing.
In March, the RAM somehow received the news of how the Spitfire entered production. It was felt quick that a decision on the winning design is needed, so on March 12, they ordered the Bf 109 into production because its the first thing that worked.
Much of the Bf 109's feature is based on Messerschmitt's 'Over complicated production with one mistake ruining everything' principle. One example of this is two large, over complicated bracket incorporated under the lower engine that bears most of the wing loading. Unlike superior British design to have things everywhere, simplifying the production steps.
The advantage is that the wing can be removed without removing the landing gear, turning the Bf 109 into an armoured car which is done in late war when no additional wing parts can be found. This however, meant the landing gears are close together, resulting in the some of the most spectacular cartwheels during the Second World War.
The small rudder of the Bf 109 made the plane more spastic than the Buffalo, contributing to the high chance of landing and takeoff accidents. This small rudder made swinging maneuvers incredibly difficult and exaggerated, resulting in some rather interesting manoeuvers.
Because of how tall and forward the landing gears are, forward visibility on the ground is non existent, compromising Bf 109's capability as a fast armoured car. The operator often had to stand up out of the canopy to barely see the front.
The Bf 109 was intended for high speed flight with a small wing, but its powered speed never reached the required amount, making the plane unusable in most dogfight cases. However it's flaps can over-exaggerate its manoeuvrability potential, making the aircraft slightly more dangerous in case it got to a unlikely high speed.
In 1943, Uberfelwehraboo Edmund Roastman got lost and landed behind Communist lines. He agreed to show the Communists how to service the plane. Communist machine gun technician Viktor M. Sinaisky recalled:
|“||Literally the worst plane, the inline engine is worse than Kawasaki, can't fly straight, gun jams every few shot. Although it is built like a tank, perhaps Willis know the Messer'd get shot down. Overall is inferior to the superior Spitfires. )))))))))||”|
Armament and Gondola CannonEdit
The armament of the Bf-109 was at first all placed onto the engine, which caused it's high rate of jamming. As Communist machine gun technician Victor M. Sinaisky recalled:
|“||Large potato guns that jams faster than Chamberlain's resignation. )))))))))))||”|
The later variants of the Bf-109 spammed cannons on the wing, further compromising it's whole 'low drag high speed' principle.
The first Bf 109s served in the Spanish Civil War and by 1939, the 109s became Luftwaffe's primary fighter, replacing everything but the Foke-a-wolf Fw 190, which later in 1942 slowly replaced the 109s.
Late in the Second World War, when supply is scarce and German industrial power reduced to nothing. Remaining wingless Bf 109s were instead, turned into fast armoured cars, though to ill effect as it is an aircraft.
Specifications (Bf-109 Generic)Edit
- Crew: One
- Length: 29 ft 7 in
- Wingspan: 32 ft 6 in
- Height: 8 ft 2 in
- Wing area: 0ft² to 173.3 ft²
- Empty weight: 5,893 lb
- Loaded weight: 6,940 lb
- Powerplant: 1 x Inverted Unlicensed Daimler-Rolls-Royce Merlin Liquid Cooled V12, 1,400hp
- Maximum speed: 200mph at 100ft
- Cruise Speed: 150mph at 100ft
- Range: 10 miles on full load
- Service Ceiling: 200ft
- Rate of Climb: 1ft/min
- Wing Loading: 10 lb/ft²
- 2 x .51 Synchronized Mg 131 Peashooter with 3rpg
- 1 x 20mm Hispano copy mounted in the Merlin engine copy with 6rpg
- 2 x 20mm Hispano copy mounted on the wing with 6rpg
Aircraft of Origin