|Conflict: French Revolution|
|Outcome: 75 years of shifting politics finally settling to its present form: a flimsy, corrupt democracy.|
|France||Also France (richer)|
|No one, really.||King Louis XVI and those who bribed him.|
|The entire population of France, and most of its military, too. Oh, and legions of Guillotines.||Considerably less, all obese.|
|... I suppose some must have died along the way.||Everyone, by humiliating public beheading.|
It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, they had everything before them, they had nothing before them, they were all going direct to Heaven, they were all going direct the other way. Basically, it was a time that could be described many ways, but also the opposite way.
Indeed, it was the The French Revolution (or La Révolution Française as they would have it). It was an entire national uprising caused by the lack (and later banning) of bread and the encouragement to eat cake amongst the French villagefolk. From the time of this uprising on, the French would never be called sissies again. No, seriously. Not until Napoleon Bonaparte died years later would anyone ever again question the toughness or sexuality of France.
The official slogan of The French Revolution was "Liberté, égalité, fraternité, ou la mort!" ("Liberty, equality, fraternity, or death!"), though they didn't mean it as much as Patrick Henry did.
The causes of the French Revolution were far and wide, both social, economic, and political, but for now, just remember that the primary cause was that the peasants were hungry. Well... actually, it was more than that, but still, for the sake of this article, it was hungriness.
France was, in 1789, an absolute monarchy, an increasingly unfashionable form of government at the time. America had already cast off its chains (and wouldn't shut up about it), and many around the world were following suit. King Louis XVI lead France in this time period. He was greatly hated amongst the peasantfolk, referred to as "Louis the Last", commenting that he would be "the last" king, "Louis Capet", in an attempt to discredit his status as king, and "King Fucktard", in a more bitter reference to his supposed mental impairments. King Louis, who suffered from clinical depression, would cry into his pillow every night after hearing the peasants say such mean things. The next day, he would execute them all. Louis was notorious for being a huge spender who sent his country plummeting into debt, being incredibly indecisive, being a drunk who lived in the House of Bourbon, and frequently pranked common people by poisoning their wells. All in all, King Louis XVI is looked back by historians as a well-intentioned, conservative King.
Due to the frivolous spending brought on by the Louis XVI administration, as well as the high price of many wars France was involved with during 18th century, a bread famine started. Unemployment was high, and many professional wheat growers were being laid off. Bread was then, and still is, the primary need for all French people, barely beating water, cigarettes, and wine. The very next day, there was a drought and the tobacco and grape crop literally shriveled up overnight. The peasants were now starving, needed a smoke, thirsty, quite sober, homeless on the streets, and some were even forced to steal silverware from friendly bishops. Meanwhile, the arrogant royalty and upper class were pompously feasting in their grand halls, surrounded by ill-gotten money and blindingly shiny things. The citizens were restless and spiteful, but it would still take a bitch the size of Marie Antoinette to turn the nation-wide resentment of noble privilege and mild sense of cynicism towards the effectiveness of absolute monarchy into a full scale revolution.
Marie Antoinette was the rather homely, grey-wigged wife of King Louis XVI and, through association to him, Queen of France. It was her who infamously joked about the bread shortage, saying that "Qu'ils mangent de la brioche", or, "If they have no bread, then let them eat cake!" Of course, as Queen of an absolutist monarchy her word was to be taken quite literally, so bread was banned among citizens. However, to compensate for this, posters were placed around town encouraging citizens to eat cake. This comment did not blow over well with the commoners, as cake was quite hard to come by. The revolution... was on.
The Storming of the Bastille
It was a dark and stormy Bastille. On July 14, several pissed, French insurgents stormed the Bastille, a French prison. Although the prison contained a mere seven prisoners at the time, and held no real significance to the actual French aristocrats the insurgents were rebelling against, it was the principle of the thing that mattered, as the Bastille symbolized... ah, Hell, it was just easy to seize, and everyone knew it. As was expected, the prisoners put up a better fight than the guards, and the prisoners immediately welcomed the insurgents with open arms and offered the insurgents cocaine. This event marked the beginning of the French revolution, as well as marking the beginning of several attempts to market the Bastille as a historic tourist attraction until it was demolished.
In modern times, July 14 (Bastille Day) is France's Independence day. To celebrate it, they release any seven lucky prisoners free.
Between the Storming of the Bastille and The "Reign of Terror", many, many tedious socio-politico-economic factors came into play. Boring. In an effort to make the coverage of this article more streamlined, we'll skip about half of the revolution.
Mass Beheadings: The Reign of Terror
Now we're talking! The Reign of Terror was a time when Terror, almost literally, reigned France. It was mildly unpleasant. It was a Godless time, when the people of France had lost their religion as well as any form of government, including anarchy. If anyone could be called a leader during this dark age, it would be booze and uncleanliness. But more importantly, it would be The Guillotine.
Yes, the Guillotine, scourge of France's convicts; but it wasn't always that way. It was invented in 1789 by Dr. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, a French doctor with a degree in medicinal uses for decapitation. He originally used the Guillotine to cure his patients of whooping coughs, and it was a massive success, as everyone treated instantly stopped coughing. The oblivious Dr. Guillotin donated all proceeds from his Guillotin device to Anti-death penalty causes. The indiscriminate killing would begin later.
Later, the indiscriminate killings began. King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were among the first, after their brave (yet unsuccessful) escape attempt to Russia. Marie, in a wicked, barbed last act, stubbed the toe of her executioner, then feigned an apology. King Louis XVI went considerably quieter, with a ghostly white face, heavily pissed pants, and a headache that some historians would believe to be "caused by mild stress".
Of course, during the drunken rampage that was The Reign of Terror it wasn't only the King and Queen who met the swift silver chop known as La guillotine. Something like 18,000 thousand people were consumed by its icy blade, including such popular politicians as Antoine Barnave, Élisabeth Philippine Marie Hélène of France, and even the famed jurist Isaac René Guy le Chapelier.
The Reign of Terror was finally brought to an end by Napoleon Bonaparte, a puny 5'4" shrimp from Corsica who rose to power in the French Army through his adroit use of such groundbreaking tactics as "not surrendering." By taking control of the government, Captain Shorty was able to quell the waves of atrocities and restore order to the beleaguered nation. The French, grateful that they could finally get on with their lives with out the all-consuming fear of decapitation, rewarded Napoleon by crowning him the Emperor of France and giving him absolute power over everything.
- ↑ Both for food and... for freedom.
- ↑ Particularly notable in this regard is the massive amount of money Louis spent financing the American Revolution, which produced the first modern democracy and inspired the French to try their own hand at revoluting. This gave rise to the well-known French proverb, "Ironie, c'est une bitch, n'est pas?"
- ↑ And more taxes. Everyone hates taxes.
- ↑ Though in recent times historians note that there is no conclusive proof that she ever said such a thing, one glance at an old picture of that snootish prune and you know she did.
- ↑ Much like Donkey Kong.
- ↑ As well as something to name after himself, as he was in his Midlife Crisis.
- ↑ In Soviet Russia, Government oppresses YOU!! Yeah, well in revolutionary France, people oppress the Government.
- ↑ Just goes to show that when revolution rears its ugly head, no one is spared.
- ↑ That's Bonaparte, not Dynamite, wiseass.
- ↑ And to think that French people wonder why Americans don't give a rat's ass about their opinions.
|The Great Revolutions|