Constantine II

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{{Q|He was a shit. We can't mix words about this guy|Edward Gibbon|}}
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{{Q|He was a shit. We can't mince words about this emperor.|Edward Gibbon|}}
 
[[Image:Constantine2-01.jpg|thumb|right|230px|Constantine II. Golden killer.]]
 
[[Image:Constantine2-01.jpg|thumb|right|230px|Constantine II. Golden killer.]]
 
Here is a mystery. Why don't people know more about [[Roman Emperor]] '''Constantine II'''? The second son of [[Constantine the Great]] but the eldest surviving heir at the time of his father's death, Constantine junior's name ought to be remembererd as one drenched in blood. He was as bad as [[Nero]] and yet his dishonour has been forgotten by history. It is a curious state of affairs and nor can Constantine's crimes be blamed on 'paganism', he was brought up as a full, on the money [[First Council of Nicaea|Nicene Christian]].
 
Here is a mystery. Why don't people know more about [[Roman Emperor]] '''Constantine II'''? The second son of [[Constantine the Great]] but the eldest surviving heir at the time of his father's death, Constantine junior's name ought to be remembererd as one drenched in blood. He was as bad as [[Nero]] and yet his dishonour has been forgotten by history. It is a curious state of affairs and nor can Constantine's crimes be blamed on 'paganism', he was brought up as a full, on the money [[First Council of Nicaea|Nicene Christian]].
+
{{wikipedia}}
 
For the record, Constantine II was the lead instigator in a general massacre of all his uncles and male cousins - bar two - as they were still in the playpen (Gallus and Julian, later known as emperor [[Julian the Apostate]]). Possibly Constantine would have waited only a few more years to have had them dispatched in due course.
 
For the record, Constantine II was the lead instigator in a general massacre of all his uncles and male cousins - bar two - as they were still in the playpen (Gallus and Julian, later known as emperor [[Julian the Apostate]]). Possibly Constantine would have waited only a few more years to have had them dispatched in due course.
 
Constantine's two full siblings , emperors [[Constantius II]] and [[Constans I]] went along with the murders but within three years Constantine was out to reduce the family numbers again but that would be done at his expense and not the others. It's probably fair to say Constantine didn't like family, his or anyone else's.
 
Constantine's two full siblings , emperors [[Constantius II]] and [[Constans I]] went along with the murders but within three years Constantine was out to reduce the family numbers again but that would be done at his expense and not the others. It's probably fair to say Constantine didn't like family, his or anyone else's.
 
So what was it with this man that made him want and go out kill everybody?
 
So what was it with this man that made him want and go out kill everybody?
 
   
 
==It's in the name==
 
==It's in the name==
  +
[[File:Romanmilf01.jpg|thumb|right|250px|Fausta:Empress, Augusta and [[MILF]]. About to find out that the door to her sauna won't open.]]
 
The future kin killer was born Constantine Flavius Claudius in around 316 AD. He was the second son of Constantine I but unlike the elder brother Crispus, received his father's name. That Constantine the Great would have by his wife Fausta two more sons Constantius and Constans suggests the first Christian emperor was dyslexic too. However later writers, perhaps to excuse a famous father for producing such a blood thirsty son, suggest Constantine II was in fact illegitmate and that his supposed mother adopted him as her own for political reasons. If so, perhaps that explains Constantine's later murderous plan to bump off all his relatives and rule the Roman Empire alone.
 
The future kin killer was born Constantine Flavius Claudius in around 316 AD. He was the second son of Constantine I but unlike the elder brother Crispus, received his father's name. That Constantine the Great would have by his wife Fausta two more sons Constantius and Constans suggests the first Christian emperor was dyslexic too. However later writers, perhaps to excuse a famous father for producing such a blood thirsty son, suggest Constantine II was in fact illegitmate and that his supposed mother adopted him as her own for political reasons. If so, perhaps that explains Constantine's later murderous plan to bump off all his relatives and rule the Roman Empire alone.
   
Constantine's position in the imperial family were changed in 326 when Constantine I poisoned Crispus and steam boiled Fausta in her bathroom by bolting the door from the outside. Constantine arranged this when he received a message that the two had been spied on having sex. Pre-Christianity, this wouldn't have been much of a deal - emperor [[Claudius]] had married his niece and [[Caligula]] had learnt all about sex from his sisters. However this was now the Christian era and the church was very against any suggestions of incest.
+
Constantine's position in the imperial family were changed in 326 when Constantine I poisoned Crispus and steam boiled Fausta in her bathroom by bolting the door from the outside. Constantine arranged this when he received a message that the two had been spied on having sex. Pre-Christianity, this wouldn't have been much of a deal - emperor [[Claudius]] had married his niece and [[Caligula]] had learnt all about sex from his sisters. However this was now the Christian era and the church was very against any suggestions of siblings bonking each other.
   
Constantine I had ordered a cover up and that anyone who asked where his wife were would be guaranteed a rowing seat on a roman galley. But here is another suggestion: the deaths of Crispus and Fausta were arranged by young Constantine. He would have seen Crispus as a rival (and being older by a good 10 years or more) and if Fausta wasn't his real mother, then her death would have been acceptable.
+
Constantine I ordered a cover up and that anyone who asked where his wife were would be guaranteed a rowing seat on a roman galley. But here is another suggestion: the deaths of Crispus and Fausta were arranged by young Constantine. He would have seen Crispus as a rival (and being older by a good 10 years or more) and if Fausta wasn't young Constantine's real mother, then her death wouldn't have bothered him in the slightest.
   
 
==Family Matters==
 
==Family Matters==
  +
[[File:Romanslegions01.jpg|thumb|right|230px|Constantine celebrates fratricide with a ride by triumph.]]
  +
Young Contantine was sent away to Trier in [[Germany]] to represent his father as Caesar. Emperor Constantine had no wish to promote anyone outside of the family but kept his son on short pocket money to keep him dependent. Constantine Junior didn't openly complain but sent anonymous letters to his father suggesting his brothers Constantius and Constans were a pair of bed wetters and deserved no share of the Roman Empire.
   
Young Contantine was sent away to Trier in Germany to represent his father as Caesar. Emperor Constantine had no wish to promote anyone outside of the family but kept his son on short pocket money to keep him dependent. Constantine Junior didn't openly complain but sent anonymous letters to his father suggesting his brothers Constantius and Constans were a pair of bed wetters and deserved no share of the Roman Empire.
+
Constantine the Great died in 337 but had made no provision about how he wanted the empire to be run. This time there were no outsiders, all the contenders were the late emperor's relatives: His three sons Constantine, Constantius and Constans and two nephews Flavius Dalmatius and Julius Constantius. Constantine thought this was four too many but first he needed to cut down the odds.
 
Constantine the Great died in 337 but had made no provision about how he wanted the empire to be run. This time there were no outsiders, all the contenders were the later emperor's relatives: His three sons Constantine, Constantius and Constans and two nephews Flavius Dalmatius and Julius Constantius. Constantine thought this was four too many but first he needed to cut down the odds.
 
   
 
In a secret alliance with Constantius and Constans, the three brothers called on the Roman legions to 'defend the empire' from a conspiracy. The soldiers read this as a proclamation to eliminate unnecessary family members and killed Dalmatius, Julius Constantius and every boy old enough to start shaving. It was an act of barbarity ignored by the church, let alone condemned. Indeed the blame for killing would be later blamed on Constantius but then he had become the wrong sort of Christian. Something was definitely going on.
 
In a secret alliance with Constantius and Constans, the three brothers called on the Roman legions to 'defend the empire' from a conspiracy. The soldiers read this as a proclamation to eliminate unnecessary family members and killed Dalmatius, Julius Constantius and every boy old enough to start shaving. It was an act of barbarity ignored by the church, let alone condemned. Indeed the blame for killing would be later blamed on Constantius but then he had become the wrong sort of Christian. Something was definitely going on.
   
 
==Division==
 
==Division==
[[Image:Athanasius1.jpg|thumb|left|230px|It helps to have a saint as a friend. Holy beardie St.Athanasius to the rescue with his boxed collection of martydom Dvds.]]
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[[Image:Gondoliers01.jpeg|thumb|right|170x|Fiendish clever ambush, considering Venice was a uninhabited swamp at the time.]]
A few months later after the cousinly bloodbath, Constantine, Constans and Constantius met to divide the Roman Empire. Constantine took Spain, Gaul and Britain. Constans got Italy. Carthage and Illyricum whilst Constantius got all the east. Constantine also got the right to bully Constans at future family dinners.
+
A few months later after the family bloodbath, Constantine, Constans and Constantius met to divide the Roman Empire. Constantine took [[Spain]], [[Gaul]] and [[Britain]]. Constans got Italy, Carthage and Illyricum whilst Constantius got all the east. Constantine also got the right to bully Constans at future family dinners and flick peas at Constantius.
   
So crap are the surviving chronicles of this time that Constantine II's wife is known as 'Empress Anonyma'. Her name was evidently so unmemorable that it wasn't recorded, she could have been called 'Dolly Partononia' for all we know. It is like the record has been scrubbed clean.
+
So crap are the surviving chronicles of this time that Constantine II's wife is known as 'Empress Anonia'. Her name was evidently so unmemorable that it wasn't recorded, she could have been called 'Dolly Partononia' for all we know. It is like the record has been scrubbed clean by someone who wanted to keep a lot of dirty secrets.
   
Back in Gaul, Constantine evidently brooded about the division made and called for another fraternal conference. He saw his main enemey as Constantius but to get to his brother with an army, the 'patsy' Constans had to be removed.
+
Back in Gaul, Constantine evidently brooded about the division made and called for another fraternal conference. He saw his main enemy as Constantius but to fight him, the 'patsy' in the middle - Constans - had to be removed.
   
 
==Death==
 
==Death==
  +
[[Image:Athanasius1.jpg|thumb|left|200px|It helps to have a saint as a friend. Holy beardie St.Athanasius to the rescue with his boxed collection of martydom Dvds.]]
  +
Constantine II kept his resentments under check but in 340 he saw an opportunity. Constans was busy with his army along the Danube, fighting the usual collection of barbarians. Italy - and therefore Rome - were apparently undefended. In that respect Constantine's information was inaccurate. Constans had left one legion behind, disguised as Venetian gondoliers in case of trouble.
   
Constantine II kept his resentments under check but in 340 he saw an opportunity. Constans was up on the German border, Italy - and therefore Rome was apparently undefended. However Constans had left a small force about in case Constantine wanted to cause trouble.
+
Constantine took the bait and invaded Italy with what appears to have been a mob of armed friends and lackeys - hardly a serious invasion force. Constantine must have known that what he had was inadequate to conquer Italy so what was Constantine up to? Possibly it was just to embarrass Constans and hope his brother would be killed by his own soldiers for being a time waster. Then at least Constantine wouldn't have his brother's blood on his manicured hands. Instead it was Constantine who was killed, dying an ambush set up by Constans' soldiers. It ranks as one of the most pathetically stupid ways to die in Roman history.
   
Well Constantine was up for that. He crossed from Gaul into Italy with what appears to have been a mob of armed friends and lackeys, hardly an invasion force. Constantine must have known that what he had was inadequate to conquer Italy so what was Constantine up to? Possibly it was just to embarrass Constans and hope his brother would be killed by his own soldiers for being a time waster. Then at least he wouldn't have the blood on his manicured hands. Instead it was Constantine who was killed, dying an ambush set up by Constans soldiers. It ranks as one of the most pathetically stupid ways to die in Roman history.
+
Constans returned to Italy and annexed his brother domains to his. Constantine's anonymous wife disappears as well {how and why is unknown). Rome was now free of one brother down, just two more to go but Constantine II was no longer in the game.
 
Constans returned to Italy and annexed his brother domains to his. Constantine's anonymous wife disappears as well - how and why is unknown, like virtually everything else connected to this emperor. Rome was now free of one brother down, just two more to go but Constantine II was no longer in the game.
 
   
 
==Conclusions==
 
==Conclusions==
   
The near silence about Constantine II's crimes is really quite astounding. His brother Constantius II was condemned and much written about but that was because he supported the Arian Christians and any story or rumour about them was much commented. But Constantine II did have one friend, a saint no less , St.Athanasius of Alexandria. He had been exiled to house arrest in Trier by a bored Constantine the Great for his doctrinal disputes with the Arians and to shut up him, sent into exile.
+
The near silence about Constantine II's crimes is really quite astounding. His brother Constantius II was condemned and much written about but that was because he supported the Arian Christians and any story or rumour about them was much commented on and twisted into the worst possible light. Constantine II in contrast was given a clean bill of health but then it does help to have a saint as a friend.
When Constantine II became emperor, he released Athanasius and gave him a first class cabin to return to Egypt. Constantine II knew this would cause the renewal of theological battles in the eastern half of the empire and distract Constantius. It did but by then Constantine II was dead. Perhaps that was the imperial trade off. Constantine II may have been a shit emperor but at least he was catholic shit emperor. It was a mark of how the church would later influence the reputations of everyone, omitting uncomfortable facts in the name of a supposed higher ideal.
+
  +
St.Athanasius of [[Alexandria]] had been exiled to house arrest in Trier by a bored Constantine the Great for his doctrinal disputes with the Arians. Imperially irritated, Constantine had him sent to Germany to live on sausages and strong beer.
  +
When Constantine II became emperor, he released Athanasius and gave him a first class cabin to return to [[Egypt]]. Constantine II knew this would cause the renewal of theological battles in the eastern half of the empire and distract Constantius. It did but by then Constantine II was dead. Perhaps that was the imperial trade off. Constantine II may have been a shit emperor but at least he was Catholic shit emperor. It was a mark of how the church would later influence the reputations of everyone, omitting uncomfortable facts in the name of a supposed higher ideal.
   
 
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[[Category:Emperors]]

Latest revision as of 07:27, August 2, 2013

“He was a shit. We can't mince words about this emperor.”
Constantine2-01
Constantine II. Golden killer.

Here is a mystery. Why don't people know more about Roman Emperor Constantine II? The second son of Constantine the Great but the eldest surviving heir at the time of his father's death, Constantine junior's name ought to be remembererd as one drenched in blood. He was as bad as Nero and yet his dishonour has been forgotten by history. It is a curious state of affairs and nor can Constantine's crimes be blamed on 'paganism', he was brought up as a full, on the money Nicene Christian.

Bouncywikilogo8
For those without comedic tastes, the self-proclaimed experts at Wikipedia think they have an article very remotely related to Constantine II.

For the record, Constantine II was the lead instigator in a general massacre of all his uncles and male cousins - bar two - as they were still in the playpen (Gallus and Julian, later known as emperor Julian the Apostate). Possibly Constantine would have waited only a few more years to have had them dispatched in due course. Constantine's two full siblings , emperors Constantius II and Constans I went along with the murders but within three years Constantine was out to reduce the family numbers again but that would be done at his expense and not the others. It's probably fair to say Constantine didn't like family, his or anyone else's. So what was it with this man that made him want and go out kill everybody?

edit It's in the name

Romanmilf01
Fausta:Empress, Augusta and MILF. About to find out that the door to her sauna won't open.

The future kin killer was born Constantine Flavius Claudius in around 316 AD. He was the second son of Constantine I but unlike the elder brother Crispus, received his father's name. That Constantine the Great would have by his wife Fausta two more sons Constantius and Constans suggests the first Christian emperor was dyslexic too. However later writers, perhaps to excuse a famous father for producing such a blood thirsty son, suggest Constantine II was in fact illegitmate and that his supposed mother adopted him as her own for political reasons. If so, perhaps that explains Constantine's later murderous plan to bump off all his relatives and rule the Roman Empire alone.

Constantine's position in the imperial family were changed in 326 when Constantine I poisoned Crispus and steam boiled Fausta in her bathroom by bolting the door from the outside. Constantine arranged this when he received a message that the two had been spied on having sex. Pre-Christianity, this wouldn't have been much of a deal - emperor Claudius had married his niece and Caligula had learnt all about sex from his sisters. However this was now the Christian era and the church was very against any suggestions of siblings bonking each other.

Constantine I ordered a cover up and that anyone who asked where his wife were would be guaranteed a rowing seat on a roman galley. But here is another suggestion: the deaths of Crispus and Fausta were arranged by young Constantine. He would have seen Crispus as a rival (and being older by a good 10 years or more) and if Fausta wasn't young Constantine's real mother, then her death wouldn't have bothered him in the slightest.

edit Family Matters

Romanslegions01
Constantine celebrates fratricide with a ride by triumph.

Young Contantine was sent away to Trier in Germany to represent his father as Caesar. Emperor Constantine had no wish to promote anyone outside of the family but kept his son on short pocket money to keep him dependent. Constantine Junior didn't openly complain but sent anonymous letters to his father suggesting his brothers Constantius and Constans were a pair of bed wetters and deserved no share of the Roman Empire.

Constantine the Great died in 337 but had made no provision about how he wanted the empire to be run. This time there were no outsiders, all the contenders were the late emperor's relatives: His three sons Constantine, Constantius and Constans and two nephews Flavius Dalmatius and Julius Constantius. Constantine thought this was four too many but first he needed to cut down the odds.

In a secret alliance with Constantius and Constans, the three brothers called on the Roman legions to 'defend the empire' from a conspiracy. The soldiers read this as a proclamation to eliminate unnecessary family members and killed Dalmatius, Julius Constantius and every boy old enough to start shaving. It was an act of barbarity ignored by the church, let alone condemned. Indeed the blame for killing would be later blamed on Constantius but then he had become the wrong sort of Christian. Something was definitely going on.

edit Division

Gondoliers01
Fiendish clever ambush, considering Venice was a uninhabited swamp at the time.

A few months later after the family bloodbath, Constantine, Constans and Constantius met to divide the Roman Empire. Constantine took Spain, Gaul and Britain. Constans got Italy, Carthage and Illyricum whilst Constantius got all the east. Constantine also got the right to bully Constans at future family dinners and flick peas at Constantius.

So crap are the surviving chronicles of this time that Constantine II's wife is known as 'Empress Anonia'. Her name was evidently so unmemorable that it wasn't recorded, she could have been called 'Dolly Partononia' for all we know. It is like the record has been scrubbed clean by someone who wanted to keep a lot of dirty secrets.

Back in Gaul, Constantine evidently brooded about the division made and called for another fraternal conference. He saw his main enemy as Constantius but to fight him, the 'patsy' in the middle - Constans - had to be removed.

edit Death

Athanasius1
It helps to have a saint as a friend. Holy beardie St.Athanasius to the rescue with his boxed collection of martydom Dvds.

Constantine II kept his resentments under check but in 340 he saw an opportunity. Constans was busy with his army along the Danube, fighting the usual collection of barbarians. Italy - and therefore Rome - were apparently undefended. In that respect Constantine's information was inaccurate. Constans had left one legion behind, disguised as Venetian gondoliers in case of trouble.

Constantine took the bait and invaded Italy with what appears to have been a mob of armed friends and lackeys - hardly a serious invasion force. Constantine must have known that what he had was inadequate to conquer Italy so what was Constantine up to? Possibly it was just to embarrass Constans and hope his brother would be killed by his own soldiers for being a time waster. Then at least Constantine wouldn't have his brother's blood on his manicured hands. Instead it was Constantine who was killed, dying an ambush set up by Constans' soldiers. It ranks as one of the most pathetically stupid ways to die in Roman history.

Constans returned to Italy and annexed his brother domains to his. Constantine's anonymous wife disappears as well {how and why is unknown). Rome was now free of one brother down, just two more to go but Constantine II was no longer in the game.

edit Conclusions

The near silence about Constantine II's crimes is really quite astounding. His brother Constantius II was condemned and much written about but that was because he supported the Arian Christians and any story or rumour about them was much commented on and twisted into the worst possible light. Constantine II in contrast was given a clean bill of health but then it does help to have a saint as a friend.

St.Athanasius of Alexandria had been exiled to house arrest in Trier by a bored Constantine the Great for his doctrinal disputes with the Arians. Imperially irritated, Constantine had him sent to Germany to live on sausages and strong beer. When Constantine II became emperor, he released Athanasius and gave him a first class cabin to return to Egypt. Constantine II knew this would cause the renewal of theological battles in the eastern half of the empire and distract Constantius. It did but by then Constantine II was dead. Perhaps that was the imperial trade off. Constantine II may have been a shit emperor but at least he was Catholic shit emperor. It was a mark of how the church would later influence the reputations of everyone, omitting uncomfortable facts in the name of a supposed higher ideal.

Preceded by:
Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
337-340
Succeeded by:
Constans I



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